„Cognition and Argument: An Insight into Real-Life Practice”
During the last few years, the methodology of research on cognition and language has moved from armchair philosophy to practical experimentation. The ArgDiaP afternoon session will be dedicated to this methodological shift. Unfortunately, in argumentation theory this method is still quite rare. Argumentation theory cannot be only an armchair philosophy if it aims to be close to natural discourse, if it wants to teach how to analyse real-life arguments. We will investigate the opportunities to develop such a methodological shift in research on argumentation. More details you can find in the abstracts of talks (below).
- Leo Groarke, University of Windsor, Canada
- Lucas Champollion, University of Tübingen, Germany
- Justyna Grudzińska, Institute of Philosophy, Warsaw University
- Julien Musolino, Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University, US
- Steven Patterson, Marygrove College, US
- Jakub Szymanik, Institute of Artificial Intelligence, University of Groningen, Netherlands
10.45 – 11.00 Coffee and Introductions.
Chair: Chris Reed
12.00 – 12.15 coffee
12.15 – 13.00 Steven Patterson (MC) The Usefulness of Deep Disagreement
13.00 – 14.30 lunch
Chair: Magdalena Kacprzak
14.30 – 15.15 Justyna Grudzińska (WU) & Julien Musolino (RU) Cumulative readings: an experimental approach
15.15 – 16.00 Lucas Champollion (UoT) Unifying aspect, measurement, distributivity and cumulativity
16.00 – 16.15 coffee
16.15 – 16.45 Jakub Szymanik (UoG) Logic and Cognition
Leo Groarke, Images and Argument: Theories of Visual Argument.
Fifteen years ago, I defended an account of “visual argument”: the notion that arguments (in the traditional premise and conclusion sense) can be conveyed in images instead of words. My own views — and those of other commentators (among them, Blair, Birdsell, and Roque) — have provoked much discussion and debate. In my keynote, I will examine some of the central issues that have been identified in this discussion. They include questions about:
- the meaning of images in argument;
- the (propositional?) nature of arguments and images;
- the claim that images cannot negate;
- the relationship between images and words in “multi-modal” (and verbal and visual) argument;
- the significance of image genres — from graphs and illustrations to cartoons, films, and tattoos, etc.;
- the emotive force of images; and
- the implications that visual arguments have for the theory of argument.
I argue that a fully developed account of visual argument has a great deal to contribute to traditional accounts of argument.
Steven Patterson, The Usefulness of Deep Disagreement.
In this paper I begin by examining Fogelin’s account of deep disagreement and show that this account is so deeply flawed as to cast doubt on the possibility that such deep disagreements actually happen. Nevertheless, I contend that the notion of deep disagreement itself is a useful theoretical foil for thinking about argumentation. The second part of this paper makes this case by showing how thinking about deep disagreements from the perspective of rhetoric, Walton-style argumentation theory, computation, and normative pragmatics can all yield insights that are useful no matter what one’s orientation within the study of argument. Thus, I conclude that deep disagreement–even if it were to turn out that there are no real-world occurrences of it to which we can point–is theoretically useful for theorists of argumentation. In this wise, deep disagreement poses a theoretical challenge for argumentation theory not unlike that posed by radical skepticism for traditional epistemology.
Justyna Grudzińska & Julien Musolino, Cumulative readings: an experimental approach.
In the presentation, I will give an overview of the controversies surrounding the semantics for sentences involving two numerical quantifiers (Three boys are holding two balloons) and talk about the experimental work by Dr. Musolino and his team related to those controversies. The main focus of the presentation will be on cumulative readings and the question raised in the literature whether cumulative readings should be distinguished from other readings in the grammar. Roberts (1987), Link (1998) and Schwertel (2005) argue that we do not need to complicate the grammar with cumulative readings, because we can regard them as instances of group-group readings (the group/group view). The grammar only generates the group-group reading and the context sometimes (but not always) creates the cumulative effect. Landman (2000), on the other hand, claims that cumulative readings are real and should not be reduced to group-group readings. In my presentation, I will talk about our experimental work designed to help resolve this controversy.
This talk answers the questions above within the framework of mereological formal semantics. While formal semanticists tend to view these questions as exemplifying diverse research categories within their field, namely aspect, distributivity, cumulativity and measurement, I will instead develop a unified perspective on these domains, and use this perspective to formulate a single answer to all of the questions above. In doing so I will also link to Justyna Grudzinska‘s talk on cumulativity. Finally, time permitting I will offer some thoughts on the style of argumentation used in theoretical linguistic research such as the present one, and relate it to argumentation theory more generally.
Optional background reading (I won’t presuppose this in the talk itself):
M. Krifka. The origins of telicity. In S. Rothstein, editor, Events and grammar, pages 197–235. Kluwer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1998.
R. Schwarzschild. The role of dimensions in the syntax of noun phrases . Syntax, 9(1):67–110, 2006.
Jakub Szymanik, Logic and Cognition
I will survey my recent work on the intersection of logic and cognitive science. I will mostly talk about two research project I have been involved in: computational semantics for generalized quantifiers in natural language and logical models for higher order social cognition. I will also discuss how logical studies can improve our understanding of cognition by proposing new methodological perspectives in psychology. The major focus will be computational complexity and its interplay with “difficulty” as experienced by subjects in cognitive science.
- Katarzyna Budzyńska (CSWU)
- Magdalena Kacprzak (PB, PJWSTK)
- Kamila Dębowska (AMU)
- Marcin Koszowy (UoB)
- Joanna Skulska (CSWU)
- Olena Yaskorska (CSWU)
Admission is free, however, for organizational purposes please register your intention to attend by sending an email to Dr. Katarzyna Budzyńska: k.budzynska (at) uksw.edu.pl